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Crataegus monogyna

“Common Hawthorn”

Crataegus Monogyna

Common Name

“Common Hawthorn”


Environment

A tough little tree that will establish pretty much anywhere. It thrives in all well drained soil structures, including heavy, nutrient lacking locations. It is tolerant of coastal areas with exposed winds, urban pollution and damp sites. A perfect habitat for birds in even the bleakest of corners


Canopy

Used extensively within hedgerows throughout England, if left to develop it will establish as a small tree with a round, half open canopy. As the name suggests, there are acute thorns running extensively along its many branches. These offer sanctuary for wildlife and protection for nesting birds


Fruit

Deep red black haws are produced in autumn, providing an important food source for its sheltered tenants and other nesting birds


Size

6m high x 4m wide after 25 years


A native plant to England which will naturally grow and develop into a small rounded tree. Its tough hardiness and acceptance of pruning has been utilised extensively for hedgerow planting. It is a life belt for nesting birds, offering them food and a protected location to set up home.

As a tree it forms a tight, dense canopy that offers exceptional interest across all the seasons. In spring it provides shade and cover to birds with dark glossy green leaves. These are deeply lobed and sometimes the cut reaches right back to the midrib. Come May it bursts with an explosion of creamy white flowers which cover its canopy. These sweetly scented flowers have a pleasant aroma and are a favourite for bees.

Once the bees are fed and the flowers are pollinated, burgundy red fruits develop clustered like berries along its branches. The nesting birds within its canopy who are protected by its thorny branches cherish this autumn offering of food. The haws are a nutrient enriched food source for wildlife, and a valued autumn nourishment. At the very first signs of the coldness, the leaves melt into a buttery yellow. In certain locations the Hawthorn develops an outstanding autumn colour of bronze and rusted gold.

A fantastic tree ideal for maintaining amenity and wildlife preservation within urban locations. Its hardy nature will ensure its establishment and provide seasonal interest throughout the year. Excellent for secluded public open spaces, parks and new housing developments.